The religion and science conflict is a debate deeply rooted in Western thought, with misconstrued understanding of both fields resulting in a supposed warfare thesis where religion and science are portrayed as polarised enemies engaged in constant battle. This paper aims to disprove this thesis. Focusing on two main opponents in the debate, creationism and evolution, it argues that religion and science are not only able to coexist, but can also complement one another.
It begins with the fundamental Christian belief in, ‘creationism’, and then presents the opposing, scientific approach of ‘evolution’, in order to identify the strengths and limitations of both. The paper then attempts to analyse compatible aspects of these seemingly opposing theories to verify the intertwining nature of both disciplines. Arguments relating to ‘guided evolution’, ‘days as ages’, difficulties in translation and interpretation, the ‘cosmological argument’ and Genesis as a mirror of evolution are examined.
The analysis finally considers contemporary efforts to positively reconcile science and religion, before concluding that continued conflict is detrimental to the prospect of a harmonious relationship.
Keywords: Big Bang theory, Christianity, Creationism, Darwin, Evolution, Genesis.
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